How to Ping a Computer?

Ping is a network utility used to test the presence and quality of a connection to a server or a device with a specific IP address. A ping packet is a small data packet sent to the target computer and returned. The round-trip time of a ping packet reaching the target and coming back can be used to assess the availability and performance of the target computer on the network.

The ping command is available on many operating systems such as Windows, macOS, Linux, and Unix. To ping using the ping command, follow these steps:

  1. Open the command prompt or terminal.
  2. Type the ping command followed by the IP address or domain name of the target computer.
  3. Press Enter.

For example, to ping the IP address, use the following command:


This command will send 5 ping packets to the target computer. The round-trip times for each ping packet will be displayed in the following format:

<Response time> ms <Response time> ms <Response time> ms ...

Response time indicates the round-trip time of the ping packet in milliseconds. If the response times of ping packets are low, it indicates high availability and performance of the target computer on the network.

Some options that can be used with the ping command include:

  • -t: Continuously pings the target.
  • -n: Sends a specific number of ping packets.
  • -l: Sends a ping packet of a specific size.
  • -i: Sets the interval between ping packets.

Benefits of Pinging:

Pinging has several benefits and can be used to test:

  • The availability of a computer or server on the network.
  • The performance of a computer or server on the network.
  • The quality of a network connection.
  • Interruptions in a network connection.
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Ping can also be used to troubleshoot network issues. For example, if you can’t access a website or application, you can use the ping command to test the availability of the website or application server on the network.

Drawbacks of Pinging:

There are no known drawbacks to pinging. However, when ping packets are sent over a network, they can increase network traffic. Therefore, it’s important to consider network traffic when pinging.

Considerations When Pinging:

When pinging, consider the following:

  • Round-trip times of ping packets may vary based on network traffic and the performance of the target computer.
  • High round-trip times indicate low availability and performance of the target computer on the network.
  • If round-trip times are excessively high, you may not be able to access the target computer.

Examples of Pinging:

Ping the IP address


Ping the domain name


Send 10 ping packets to the target computer:

ping -n 10

Send a ping packet of 1024 bytes to the target computer:

ping -l 1024

Set the interval between ping packets to 1 second:

ping -i 1

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